Background. We evaluated the hemostatic effects of tranexamic acid, a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug, in patients undergoing beating-heart coronary surgery. Methods. Forty consecutive patients were in a double-blind manner, prospectively randomized into two groups: 20 patients received tranexamic acid (bolus of 1 g before skin incision, followed by continuous infusion of 400 mg/hr during surgery), and 20 patients received saline. As primary outcomes, bleeding and allogeneic transfusions were considered. D-dimer and fibrinogen plasma levels were also evaluated to monitor the activation of fibrinolysis. Major postoperative thrombotic events, as a potential consequence of antifibrinolytic treatment, were recorded. Results. The treatment group had significantly lower postoperative bleeding (median [25th to 75th percentiles]: 400 mL [337 to 490 mL] vs 650 ml [550 to 862 mL], p <0.0001), lower need for allogeneic blood products (1,200 vs 5,300 mL, p <0.001), and lower postoperative D-dimer plasma levels. No postoperative thrombotic complications were observed in either group. Conclusions. In this initial series of patients undergoing off-pump coronary surgery, tranexamic acid appears to be effective in reducing postoperative bleeding and the need for allogeneic blood products.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine