Endothelin (ET)-1 is produced in ovarian carcinoma cells and is known to act through ET(A) receptors as an autocrine growth factor in vitro and in vivo. In OVCA 433 human ovarian carcinoma cells, ET-1 caused phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) that was accompanied by phosphorylation of Shc and its recruitment complexed with Grb2. These findings suggested that an EGF-R/ras-dependent pathway may contribute to the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) 2 and mitogenic signaling induced by ET-1 in these cells. Specific inhibition of EGF-R kinase activity by tyrphostin AG1478 prevented ET-1-induced transactivation of the EGF-R, as well as Shc phosphorylation and recruitment with Grb2. Furthermore, ET-1-induced activation of Erk 2 was partially inhibited by tyrphostin AG1478. In accord with this finding, the mitogenic action of ET-1 in OVCA 433 cells was also significantly reduced by a concentration of tyrphostin AG1478 that abolished the growth response of EGF-stimulated cells. Inhibition of protein kinase C activity, which contributes to the proliferative action of ET-1 in OVCA 433 cells, had no effect on the activation of Erk 2 by ET-1, which suggests that this effect of protein kinase C does not involve ras-independent activation of Erk 2. Inhibition by wortmannin of PI3-kinase activity, which has been implicated in ET-1 and other G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-mediated signaling pathways, reduced Erk 2 activation by ET-1 but had no effect on ET-1-induced EGF-R and Shc phosphorylation. These findings indicate that ET-1-induced stimulation of Erk 2 phosphorylation, and mitogenic responses in OVCA 433 ovarian cancer cells are mediated in part by signaling pathways that are initiated by transactivation of the EGF-R.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 15 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research