Transannular patching is a valid alternative for tetralogy of Fallot and complete atrioventricular septal defect repair

Gianluca Brancaccio, Guido Michielon, Sergio Filippelli, Gianluigi Perri, Duccio Di Carlo, Fiore S. Iorio, Gianluca Oricchio, Roberta Iacobelli, Antonio Amodeo, Roberto M. Di Donato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We report our experience with repair of tetralogy of Fallot associated with complete atrioventricular septal defect, addressing in particular the need for a pulmonary valve in the right ventricular outflow tract. Methods: Between 1992 and 2006, 33 children with tetralogy of Fallot and complete atrioventricular septal defect were admitted; 26 had Down's syndrome (79%). Thirty-two children had complete repair (18 primary, 14 staged); of the 15 who received initial palliation, 1 died before complete repair. Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction was relieved by transannular patch in 14 cases (42%), infundibular patch with preservation of the pulmonary valve in 7 (21%), and right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit in 11 (33%). Results: There were no hospital deaths. Actuarial survival was 96% ± 3.9% at 5 years and 85.9 ± 1.1% at 10 years. Multivariate analysis showed that type of relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction did not influence survival (P = .16), nor did the choice to use a valved conduit (P = .82). Primary correction (P = .05) and lower weight at repair (P = .05) were associated with higher probability of survival. Mean follow-up was 69.3 ± 5.9 months (range 0.2-282 months). There were 2 late deaths. Overall freedom from reoperation was 69% at 5 years and 38% at 10 years. Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction without use of a valved conduit allowed a significantly higher freedom from reinterventions (P <.05). Conclusions: Tetralogy of Fallot associated with complete atrioventricular septal defect can be corrected at low risk with favorable intermediate survival. Use of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit can be avoided in two thirds of patients with no impact on survival, possibly improving overall freedom from reintervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-923
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume137
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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