Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in nonagenarians: early and intermediate outcome from the OBSERVANT study and meta-analysis of the literature

Fausto Biancari, Paola D'Errigo, Stefano Rosato, Marek Pol, Corrado Tamburino, Marco Ranucci, Fulvia Seccareccia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of nonagenarians after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) from the OBSERVANT study and to pool the results of the literature on this topic. Aortic stenosis is the most common acquired valvular heart disease in the Western countries, and its prevalence is linked to the phenomenon of population aging. TAVR can be considered as a wise approach to treat nonagenarians, but data on its safety and effectiveness are scarce. Data on 80 patients aged >90 years who underwent TAVR from OBSERVANT study were analyzed. A systematic review and meta-analysis of published data were performed. Thirty-day mortality in the OBSERVANT series was 6.3 %. None of these patients experienced stroke. Permanent pacemaker implantation was necessary in 20 % of patients. Paravalvular regurgitation was observed in 57.5 %. Survival at 1, 2, and 3 years was 79.6, 71.9, and 61.5 %. Ten series provided data on 1227 nonagenarians who underwent TAVR. Pooled 30-day mortality rate was 7.1 %, stroke 2.8 %, vascular access complication 8.8 %, and permanent pacemaker implantation 10.6 %. Paravalvular regurgitation was observed in 60.1 % of patients. Pooled 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 79.2, 68.2, and 55.6 %. Transapical TAVR was associated with a significantly higher risk of early mortality compared with transfemoral TAVR. The results of OBSERVANT study and aggregate data meta-analysis suggest that in nonagenarians, TAVR is associated with low postoperative morbidity and excellent intermediate survival. Transapical TAVR in these very elderly is associated with high postoperative mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-165
Number of pages9
JournalHeart and Vessels
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Male
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke/epidemiology
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome

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