Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography for evaluation of midline-shift after chronic-subdural hematoma evacuation (TEMASE): A prospective study

Andrea Cattalani, Vincenzo Maria Grasso, Matteo Vitali, Ivan Gallesio, Lorenzo Magrassi, Andrea Barbanera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The incidence of chronic Subdural hematoma (cSDH) is increasing and its rate of recurrence varies from 5 to 33%. A postoperative brain midline-shift (MLS) on computed tomography (CT) equal or larger than 5 mm is a risk factor for recurrence. Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCDS) is a noninvasive bedside reproducible technique useful to detect MLS. The aim of our study was to compare in patients affected by cSDH, the values of MLS obtained pre- and post-operatively by TCCDS and brain CT. Patients and methods 32 patients affected by cSDH entered the study between July 2016 and January 2017. MLS values obtained by TCCDS and brain CT were compared using Bland-Altman plot and linear regression analysis. Using the same techniques we also explored if the agreement between the two imaging modes was comparable in pre- and post-operative data pairs. Results 64 data pairs of MLS values obtained by TCCDS and CT were analysed. Bland-Altman diagrams did not show any systematic bias of the data and linear regression indicated a significant correlation between the two measures both before and after hematoma evacuation. Conclusion In patients affected by cSDH, MLS values obtained before and after surgery by TCCDS are comparable to those obtained by CT; TCCDS might be considered an alternative to CT scan in the management of patients after cSDH evacuation. We suggest that close clinical bedside examination and TCCDS might be appropriate for the post-operative management of cSDH, reserving CT scan only to patients with overt clinical deterioration and/or increasing MLS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Brain shift
  • Chronic subdural hematoma
  • Midline shift
  • Post-operative evaluation
  • Subdural hematoma recurrence
  • Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography for evaluation of midline-shift after chronic-subdural hematoma evacuation (TEMASE): A prospective study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this