Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Cognition in the Elderly

Francesca Mameli, Manuela Fumagalli, Roberta Ferrucci, Alberto Priori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique that has been used to improve cognitive functions such as memory, language, and attention. This chapter discusses how tDCS can enhance cognitive performance in healthy older subjects and patients with neurological disorders typically manifesting in the elderly, such as Alzheimer's disease, fronto-temporal dementia, and Parkinson's disease. Although the clinical efficacy of tDCS awaits confirmation in large, clinical, randomized controlled studies, results for managing cognitive dysfunctions related to neurological disorders in the elderly seem promising. Future studies should endeavor to assess whether experimental data translate into benefits in real life, to lengthen cognitive benefits, to investigate how changing stimulation variables influences tDCS-induced effects, to determine possible interactions with other treatments, and to improve patients' selection.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Stimulated Brain: Cognitive Enhancement Using Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages371-395
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9780124047129, 9780124047044
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 3 2014

Keywords

  • Brain stimulation
  • Cognition
  • Elderly
  • Motor learning
  • TDCS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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