Transcranial Doppler as a non-invasive method to estimate cerebral perfusion pressure in children with severe traumatic brain injury

Francisco Abecasis, Danilo Cardim, Marek Czosnyka, Chiara Robba, Shruti Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is one of the most important parameters in preventing ischemic brain insults. Guidelines have used CPP values to guide treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for many years. We tested the feasibility of a novel non-invasive method for CPP estimation (nCPP) in children with severe TBI. Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively monitored pediatric TBI patients with invasive intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, arterial blood pressure, and Transcranial Doppler (TCD) studies was performed daily. A novel estimator of CPP (nCPP) was calculated using TCD-spectral accounting method. We analyzed the correlation coefficient and correlation in time domain between CPP and nCPP, prediction ability of nCPP to detect low CPP, and the confidence intervals for CPP prediction (95% CI). Results: We retrospectively analyzed 69 TCD recordings from 19 children (median age 15 years, range 3–16 years). There was a good correlation between CPP and nCPP (Spearman correlation coefficient, R = 0.67 (p < 0.0001), and a good mean correlation in time domain (R = 0.55 ± 0.42). The ability of nCPP to predict values of CPP below 70 mmHg was excellent as demonstrated by an area under the curve of 0.908 (95% CI = 0.83–0.98) using a receiver operating curve analysis. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that nCPP overestimated CPP by 19.61 mmHg with a wide 95% CI of ± 40.4 mmHg. Conclusions: nCPP monitoring with TCD appears to be a feasible method for CPP assessment in pediatric TBI. The novel spectral CPP tested in this study has a decent correlation with invasive CPP and can predict low CPP with excellent accuracy at the 70-mmHg threshold.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChild's Nervous System
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Cerebrovascular Circulation
Traumatic Brain Injury
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • Transcranial Doppler
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Transcranial Doppler as a non-invasive method to estimate cerebral perfusion pressure in children with severe traumatic brain injury. / Abecasis, Francisco; Cardim, Danilo; Czosnyka, Marek; Robba, Chiara; Agrawal, Shruti.

In: Child's Nervous System, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Introduction: Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is one of the most important parameters in preventing ischemic brain insults. Guidelines have used CPP values to guide treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for many years. We tested the feasibility of a novel non-invasive method for CPP estimation (nCPP) in children with severe TBI. Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively monitored pediatric TBI patients with invasive intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, arterial blood pressure, and Transcranial Doppler (TCD) studies was performed daily. A novel estimator of CPP (nCPP) was calculated using TCD-spectral accounting method. We analyzed the correlation coefficient and correlation in time domain between CPP and nCPP, prediction ability of nCPP to detect low CPP, and the confidence intervals for CPP prediction (95{\%} CI). Results: We retrospectively analyzed 69 TCD recordings from 19 children (median age 15 years, range 3–16 years). There was a good correlation between CPP and nCPP (Spearman correlation coefficient, R = 0.67 (p < 0.0001), and a good mean correlation in time domain (R = 0.55 ± 0.42). The ability of nCPP to predict values of CPP below 70 mmHg was excellent as demonstrated by an area under the curve of 0.908 (95{\%} CI = 0.83–0.98) using a receiver operating curve analysis. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that nCPP overestimated CPP by 19.61 mmHg with a wide 95{\%} CI of ± 40.4 mmHg. Conclusions: nCPP monitoring with TCD appears to be a feasible method for CPP assessment in pediatric TBI. The novel spectral CPP tested in this study has a decent correlation with invasive CPP and can predict low CPP with excellent accuracy at the 70-mmHg threshold.",
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AU - Agrawal, Shruti

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AB - Introduction: Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is one of the most important parameters in preventing ischemic brain insults. Guidelines have used CPP values to guide treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for many years. We tested the feasibility of a novel non-invasive method for CPP estimation (nCPP) in children with severe TBI. Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively monitored pediatric TBI patients with invasive intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, arterial blood pressure, and Transcranial Doppler (TCD) studies was performed daily. A novel estimator of CPP (nCPP) was calculated using TCD-spectral accounting method. We analyzed the correlation coefficient and correlation in time domain between CPP and nCPP, prediction ability of nCPP to detect low CPP, and the confidence intervals for CPP prediction (95% CI). Results: We retrospectively analyzed 69 TCD recordings from 19 children (median age 15 years, range 3–16 years). There was a good correlation between CPP and nCPP (Spearman correlation coefficient, R = 0.67 (p < 0.0001), and a good mean correlation in time domain (R = 0.55 ± 0.42). The ability of nCPP to predict values of CPP below 70 mmHg was excellent as demonstrated by an area under the curve of 0.908 (95% CI = 0.83–0.98) using a receiver operating curve analysis. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that nCPP overestimated CPP by 19.61 mmHg with a wide 95% CI of ± 40.4 mmHg. Conclusions: nCPP monitoring with TCD appears to be a feasible method for CPP assessment in pediatric TBI. The novel spectral CPP tested in this study has a decent correlation with invasive CPP and can predict low CPP with excellent accuracy at the 70-mmHg threshold.

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