Transcranial Doppler in pediatric emergency and intensive care unit: a case series and literature review

Francisco Abecasis, Vitor Oliveira, Chiara Robba, Marek Czosnyka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) has been used for more than 30 years in clinical practice. Although adult intensive care is relatively well covered, pediatric cases are still underrepresented. We intend to review a series of pediatric cases where TCD was determinant in clinical decisions and a literature review on this topic. Methods: We describe cases with different pathologies where TCD had an important role in clinical management of the patients. We discuss TCD utility and potential role both in the emergency department and the intensive care unit. Results: Five patients with different neurologic insults are presented. TCD was useful in the identification of intracranial hypertension in traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus and central nervous system infection; identification of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure in hypovolemic shock and the diagnosis of impending cerebral circulatory arrest in a child with meningococcal septicemia. We discuss how TCD can be used in emergency and intensive care settings, reviewing relevant literature and our own experience. Conclusions: Non-invasive testing using TCD can aid clinical decisions. More widespread use of this technique will allow for better care of children with neurologic insults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1465-1470
Number of pages6
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Neuromonitoring
  • Transcranial Doppler
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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