Transcriptional Control of Inflammatory Responses

Stephen T. Smale, Gioacchino Natoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The inflammatory response requires the activation of a complex transcriptional program that is both cell-type-and stimulus-specific and involves the dynamic regulation of hundreds of genes. In the context of an inflamed tissue, extensive changes in gene expression occur in both parenchymal cells and infiltrating cells of the immune system. Recently, basic transcriptional mechanisms that control inflammation have been clarified at a genome scale, particularly in macrophages and conventional dendritic cells. The regulatory logic of distinct groups of inflammatory genes can be explained to some extent by identifiable sequenceencoded features of their chromatin organization, which impact on transcription factor (TF) accessibility and impose different requirements for gene activation. Moreover, it has become apparent that the interplay between TFs activated by inflammatory stimuli and master regulators exerts a crucial role in controlling cell-type-specific transcriptional outputs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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