Transcriptional Integration of TLR2 and TLR4 Signaling at the NCoR Derepression Checkpoint

Wendy Huang, Serena Ghisletti, Valentina Perissi, Michael G. Rosenfeld, Christopher K. Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) leads to derepression and subsequent activation of inflammatory response genes that play essential roles in innate and acquired immunity. Derepression requires signal-dependent turnover of the nuclear receptor corepressor NCoR from target promoters, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we report that TLR4 uses NFκB to deliver IKKε to target promoters that contain "integrated circuits" of κB and AP-1 sites, resulting in local phosphorylation of c-Jun and subsequent NCoR clearance. In contrast, TLR2 signaling leads to rapid activation of CaMKII and phosphorylation of the TBLR1 component of NCoR complexes, bypassing the requirement for c-Jun phosphorylation and enabling NCoR clearance from promoters lacking integrated κB elements. Intriguingly, the IKKε-dependent clearance pathway is sensitive to transrepression by liver X receptors, while the CaMKII-dependent pathway is not. These findings reveal mechanisms for integration of TLR, calcium, and nuclear receptor signaling pathways that underlie pathogen-specific responses and disease-specific programs of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2009

Keywords

  • PROTEINS
  • RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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