The human homeobox protein EVX1 (EVX1) is thought to play an important role during embryogenesis. In this study, the effect of EVX1 on gene transcription has been investigated in transfected mammalian cells. EVX1 expression represses transcription of a reporter gene directed by either cell-specific or viral promoter/enhancer sequences in a variety of mammalian cell lines and in a concentration-dependent manner. Transcriptional repression is independent of the presence of DNA-binding sites for EVX1 in all the promoters we tested. Furthermore, repression by EVX1 is evident also using a TATA-less minimal promoter in the reporter construct. A carboxyl- terminal proline/alanine-rich region of EVX1 seems to be responsible for the transcriptional repression activity, as suggested by transfection of EVX1 mutants. We speculate that the repressor function of EVX1 contributes to its proposed role in embryogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas