Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) released by an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive spontaneous lymphoblastoid cell line from a patient with Kostmann's congenital neutropenia inhibits the growth of normal committed haemopoietic progenitors in vitro

A. Corcione, S. Roncella, G. Cutrona, M. Ferrarini, P. G. Mori, V. Pistoia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study reports the characterization of spontaneous lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) raised from the peripheral blood of a patient with Kostmann's congenital neutropenia. The LCL was composed of EBV-infected polyclonal B cells and displayed surface markers and pattern of growth in vitro typical of normal LCLs. The supernatant of the ICL contained a colony inhibiting activity (CIA) that decreased the cloning efficiency of normal committed haemopoietic progenitors and was identified as immunoreactive transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) by neutralization experiments with a specific antiserum. Control studies with a panel of LCLs spontaneously derived from the peripheral blood of patients seropositive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections showed that 5/30 LCLs produced a CIA. This CIA was not identifiable as TGF-β1 but rather was due to the combined effects of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα), tumour necrosis factor β (TNFβ) and interferon α (IFNα), that were present in the LCL supernatants. The hypothesis that the B cells latently infected by EBV in vivo and possibly expanded as a consequence of the infection may have contributed to the inhibition of the patient granulopoiesis by releasing TGF-β1 will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-691
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume85
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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