Transfusions during cardiopulmonary bypass: Better when triggered by venous oxygen saturation and oxygen extraction rate

M. Ranucci, S. Castelvecchio, A. Ditta, S. Brozzi, [No Value] Boncilliv, E. Baryshnikova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), red blood cell transfusions may be required to correct dilutional anemia. The decision-making process for transfusions is usually based on the level of hemoglobin. This study investigates the hypothesis that oxygen-derived variables (mixed venous oxygen saturation, SvO2, and oxygen extraction rate, O2ER) may be more reliable predictors of the efficacy of the transfusion. Thirty-six patients for 41 transfusion episodes during CPB were retrospectively analyzed. For each patient, oxygenderived variables, including SvO2 and O 2ER, were measured before and after the transfusion. No changes in pump flow were allowed between the two measurements. The efficacy of transfusion was defined as an increase in SvO2 of at least 5%. We identified 11 transfusion episodes leading to an efficacious SvO2 increase. Factors associated with the efficacy of the transfusion were a low SvO2 and a high O2ER. No association was found with hemoglobin values, unless for a trend for efficacy of transfusion in patients with very low (2 and 39% for O 2ER were predictive for the efficacy of red blood cell transfusions, with a high accuracy (c-statistics 0.856 and 0.848, respectively) and negative and positive predictive values exceeding 82%. In conclusion, SvO2 and O2ER are better than the hemoglobin value for guiding the decision-making process of red blood cell transfusions to correct hemodilutional anemia during CPB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-333
Number of pages7
JournalPerfusion
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Oxygen extraction rate
  • Oxygen venous saturation
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Safety Research

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