The methylation pattern of the human HLA-DRα gene has been studied in different tissues of transgenic mice. Offspring from two transgenic lines was selected for this analysis, carrying the integrated HLA-DRα gene in either single or multiple (8-10) copies per diploid genome. In transgenic animals two distinct methylation patterns of the HLA-DRα gene are generated, due to a complete methylation of all the GCGC and CCGG sites the former, and to unmethylation restricted to one or both the GCGC sites located in the 5′ portion of the HLA-DRα gene, the latter. Unmethylation restricted to the 5′ portion of the HLA-DRα gene is a highly conserved feature in human tissues and in vitro cultured cell lines; therefore, it is concluded that the methylation pattern of the human HLA-DRα transgene may be faithfully reconstituted in transgenic animals. Northern blotting analysis of the RNA isolated from tissues of the transgenic mouse carrying single-copy HLA-DRα transgene demonstrates its tissue specific expression, suggesting that transgenic mice may represent an "in vivo" experimental system to study the relationship between methylation state and transcriptional activation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology