The relation between presteady-state (transient) currents elicited by voltage steps in the absence of organic substrate and transport-associated currents in the presence of glycine was investigated in Xenopus oocytes expressing the neuronal glycine transporter GlyT1b. Saturating amounts of glycine converted the transient currents in steady transport currents. Analysis of the transient currents abolished by the substrate confirmed the intramembrane nature of the underlying charge movement process. The sigmoidal Q/V relationship had a moderate slope consistent with the known GlyT1b stoichiometry. The transient currents were best fitted by the sum of two exponentials, with the slow time constant (τ slow) being in the order of tens of milliseconds. The apparent affinity for glycine was in the micromolar range and voltage-dependent, slightly decreasing at positive potentials. Numerical simulations show that a simplified, three-state model is sufficient to explain the main features of GlyT1b operation.
- Xenopus oocyte
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience