Transit time of swallowing after subtotal laryngectomy

M. De Vincentiis, P. Calcagno, P. Di Cello, R. Mastronicola, M. Simonelli, G. Ruoppolo, P. Cerro, A. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of subtotal laryngeal surgery (Cricohyoidopexy= CHP and Cricohyoidoepiglottopexy= CHEP) is to create a simplified but functional neolarynx. The neolarynx permits the passage of air, the closure of the airway, and ensures phonation through the vibration of the cricoid and arytenoid mucosa; furthermore, it allows the recovery of shallowing, optimizing the closure of the neoglottis with the movement of the remaining arytenoids. The aim of the present study was to evaluate, on a long term basis, the efficiency of the swallowing function comparing swallowing times in CHEP and CHP with and without functional neck dissection (FND). Materials and methods: A radiological study was conducted on 48 patients selected from a group of 253, who underwent subtotal laryngectomies at the "G. Ferreri" Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Audiology and Phoniatrics of the University of Rome "La Sapienza". The selection of the 48 patients was carried out based on the following criteria: type of surgery, date of surgery (follow up of at least 12 months), patients who were not treated with radiotherapy before or after surgery, patients who were also examined with fibrolaryngoscopy and videofluowscopy, patients not affected by motor deficits involving plwnatory and swallowing regions (stroke, lesions of the central nervous system), negative follow up (no evidence of disease). The parameters for evaluating the functional recovery were the times the nasogastric tube and tracheotomy tube were kept in place. The functional recovery-times of the groups thus formed were compared to one another. Through videofluoroscopy the authors evaluated oral transit times (OTT) and pharyngeal transit times (PTT) as parameters of deglutition. Results: The results consistently showed that swallowing time remains under one second as in individuals with normal swallowing functions. Conclusion: The study of deglutition limes, conducted at least 12 months after surgery, does not show any substantial differences between CHEP and CHP with reference to pharyngeal transit and oral transit times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-227
Number of pages5
JournalRevue de Laryngologie Otologie Rhinologie
Volume125
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • CHEP
  • CHP
  • Partial laryngectomy
  • Swallowing
  • Videofluoroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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  • Cite this

    De Vincentiis, M., Calcagno, P., Di Cello, P., Mastronicola, R., Simonelli, M., Ruoppolo, G., Cerro, P., & Gallo, A. (2004). Transit time of swallowing after subtotal laryngectomy. Revue de Laryngologie Otologie Rhinologie, 125(4), 223-227.