Transketolase and 2′,3′-cyclic-nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase type I isoforms are specifically recognized by IgG autoantibodies in multiple sclerosis patients

Laura Lovato, Riccardo Cianti, Beatrice Gini, Silvia Marconi, Laura Bianchi, Alessandro Armini, Elena Anghiler, Francesca Locatelli, Francesco Paoletti, Diego Franciotta, Luca Bini, Bruno Bonetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The presence of autoantibodies in multiple sclerosis (MuS) is well known, but their target antigens have not been clearly identified. In the present study, IgG autore- activity to neural antigens of normal human white matter separated by bidimensional electrophoresis was assessed in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of 18 MuS and 20 control patients. Broad IgG autoreactivity was detected by two- dimensional immunoblotting in all cases to neural antigens, most of which were identified by mass spectrometry. The comparative analysis of MuS and non-MuS reactive spots showed that a restricted number of neural protein isoforms were specifically recognized by MuS IgG. Almost all MuS patients had cerebrospinal fluid IgG directed to isoforms of one of the oligodendroglial molecules, transketolase, 2′,3′- cyclic-nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase type I, collapsin response mediator protein 2, and tubulin β4. Interestingly 50% of MuS IgG recognized transketolase, which was mostly localized on oligodendrocytes in human white matter from normal and MuS samples. IgG autoreactivity to cytoskeletal proteins (radixin, sirtuin 2, and actin-interacting protein 1) was prevalent in secondary progressive MuS patients. Among the proteins recognized by serum IgG, almost all MuS patients specifically recognized a restricted number of neuronal/cytoskeletal proteins, whereas 2′,3′- cyclic-nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase type I was the oligodendroglial antigen most frequently recognized (44%) by MuS seric IgG. Our immunomics approach shed new light on the autoimmune repertoire present in MuS patients revealing novel oligodendroglial and/or neuronal putative autoantigens with potential important pathogenic and diagnostic implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2337-2349
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

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