Objectives: To describe our surgical technique of robotic ureteroileal reimplantation (RUIR) for ureteroileal anastomosis strictures with the use of near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIFI) after transnephrostomic antegrade injection of indocyanine green in patients previously treated with robot-assisted radical cystectomy and intracorporeal orthotopic neobladder. Materials and Methods: From March 2015 to December 2017, 10 consecutive patients underwent RUIR in our tertiary referral center. All patients previously underwent percutaneous nephrostomy and at least one antegrade stenting and stricture dilatation attempt. Clinical data were prospectively collected into our institutional dataset. Both perioperative and functional outcomes were assessed. Results: Median time from robotic cystectomy to ureteroileal anastomosis strictures diagnosis was 5 months (interquartile range [IQR] 2-6). Median stricture length was 1.5 cm (IQR 1-2). Median operative time was 140 minutes (IQR 81-155), and median length of stay was 5 days (IQR 3-9). Two patients experienced Clavien grade 2 complications (urinary tract infection requiring antibiotics and blood transfusion, respectively). One patient underwent ileum resection and anastomosis due to bowel perforation (Clavien IIIb). At a median follow-up of 19 months (IQR 14-39), one patient developed a stricture recurrence. No patient developed worsening of renal function (newly onset chronic kidney disease stage 3b-4). Conclusions: Robotic reimplantation for ureteroileal anastomosis strictures is a safe and highly effective procedure, with a high success rate and excellent perioperative and functional outcomes. NIFI provides an easy guide to identify and progressively dissect the ureter.
- indocyanine green
- near-infrared fluorescence imaging
- ureteroileal reimplantation
- ureteroileal stricture
ASJC Scopus subject areas