Transoral Endoscopic Approach to Repair Early Pharyngeal Perforations After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery without Failure of Instrumentation: Our Experience and Review of Literature

Daniele Armocida, Giacoma Maria Floriana Brunetto, Luca Proietti, Mauro Palmieri, Alessandro Pesce, Antonio Santoro, Giorgio Balsamo, Giovanni Di Nardo, Alessandro Frati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal injury during anterior cervical spine surgery is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication; generally it is the result of intraoperative manipulation or hardware erosion and sometimes may be due to weakness of the pharyngoesophageal wall from pre-existing pathologic conditions, such as diabetes, gastritis, or obesity.

CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the management strategies in patients with an early postoperative hypopharyngeal perforation that occurred after anterior cervical spine surgery without failure of instrumentation, and we present a case treated endoscopically at our institution.

CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate treatment for pharyngoesophageal perforations is controversial and not investigated in detail. There is a lack of prospective studies comparing initial conservative versus surgical approaches to treatment. In addition, endoscopic management is growing as a therapeutic option, but no consensus concerning the indications for an endoscopic approach in the treatment of pharyngoesophageal injury in anterior cervical spine surgery is currently reached. A common theme proposed in the literature is that early recognition and aggressive investigation and treatment are essential to ensure a good outcome. A customized interdisciplinary surgical approach is essential for successful treatment. Use of the transoral endoscopic approach is a useful noninvasive method to treat this rare but potentially devastating complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-225
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Neurosurg.
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 17 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transoral Endoscopic Approach to Repair Early Pharyngeal Perforations After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery without Failure of Instrumentation: Our Experience and Review of Literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this