Transoral laser microsurgery: feasibility of a new exoscopic HD-3D system coupled with free beam or fiber laser

Andrea Luigi Camillo Carobbio, Francesco Missale, Marco Fragale, Francesco Mora, Luca Guastini, Giampiero Parrinello, Frank Rikki Mauritz Canevari, Giorgio Peretti, Leonardo S. Mattos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the last decades, new technological devices and instruments have been developed to overcome the technical limits of transoral laser microsurgery. The recent introduction of 3D endoscopy seems to be a promising tool in the field of diagnostic and operative laryngology as an alternative to the traditional microlaryngoscopy. Our work aims to present a novel transoral microsurgical setting that expands the use of exoscopic systems (in this case the VITOM® 3D-HD) as an alternative to the standard operating microscope. A customized support arm and an adaptor to firmly connect the VITOM® 3D-HD camera to the laser micromanipulator were specially designed. This setup was used as an alternative to the standard operating microscope in a cohort of 17 patients affected by suspicious early to intermediate pharyngo-laryngeal neoplasms. A historical cohort of patients treated with the traditional setting and matching the same inclusion criteria was used as a reference for the duration of surgical procedures. The surgical procedures comprised 7 cordectomies, 2 endoscopic partial supraglottic laryngectomies, 4 tongue base resections, and 4 lateral oropharyngectomies or hypopharyngectomies. In 6 cases (35%), a simultaneous neck dissection was performed. The low rate of positive deep (6%) or superficial (12%) margins reinforced the safety of this platform, and the results obtained in terms of operating time were comparable to the control group (p > 0.05), which confirms the feasibility of the system. Our surgical setting setup is a convincing alternative to traditional transoral laser microsurgery for early to intermediate pharyngo-laryngeal neoplasms. The main advantages of this system are comfortable ergonomics for the first surgeon and a potential benefit in terms of teaching if applied in university hospitals, since the entire surgical team can view the same surgical 3D-HD view of the first operator. Further work is still needed to objectively compare the traditional and new technique, and to validate our preliminary clinical findings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLasers in Medical Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • CO2 laser
  • Exoscope
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • TLM
  • TOLMS
  • Vitom 3D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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