Transplantation for acute liver failure in children

D. Pinelli, M. Spada, A. Lucianetti, S. Riva, M. Guizzetti, M. Giovanelli, G. Maldini, V. Corno, V. Sonzogni, S. Vedovati, A. Bertani, M. Zambelli, B. Gridelli, M. Colledan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We reviewed the clinical data of 30 children-hospitalized for acute liver failure in the last 6 years. Ten patients were not listed for liver transplantation OLTX. Their clinical conditions gradually improved and they are all alive without deficit. Among 20 patients listed, 15 underwent urgent OLTX. Two children died on the waiting list and three were suspended from waiting list after few days because of improvement. Survival according to age class was analyzed dividing the patients into two groups: A, age 1 year or less versus B, age between 1 and 16 years. The patient survival was 86% at 6 months and 61% both at 1 and 2 years. Survival at 6 months and 1 and 2 years was 88%, 67%, and 45% for the patients in group A and 83%, 83%, and 83% for the patients in group B (P = NS). Observing graft-to-recipient weight ratio and donor-to-recipient weight ratio most patients received an optimal sized graft. The split-liver technique is considered the preferred method of liver transplantation even in the pediatric patients with acute liver failure; especially in the setting of a cooperative system in which all livers that are suitable for split-liver transplantation are shared between centers. In order to have the best chance for survival, children with acute liver failure should be referred as soon as possible to an highly specialized pediatric liver transplantation center that can offer all the treatment modalities that are currently available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1146-1148
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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