BACKGROUND: In donor kidneys subjected to ischemia-reperfusion injury during kidney transplant, phagocytes coexpressing the F4/80 and CD11c molecules mediate proinflammatory responses and trigger adaptive immunity in transplantation through antigen presentation. After injury, however, resident renal macrophages coexpressing these surface markers acquire a proreparative phenotype, which is pivotal in controlling inflammation and fibrosis. No data are currently available regarding the effects of transplant-induced ischemia-reperfusion injury on the ability of donor-derived resident renal macrophages to act as professional antigen-presenting cells.
METHODS: We evaluated the phenotype and function of intragraft CD11c+F4/80+ renal macrophages after cold ischemia. We also assessed the modifications of donor renal macrophages after reversible ischemia-reperfusion injury in a mouse model of congeneic renal transplantation. To investigate the role played by IL-1R8, we conducted in vitro and in vivo studies comparing cells and grafts from wild-type and IL-R8-deficient donors.
RESULTS: Cold ischemia and reversible ischemia-reperfusion injury dampened antigen presentation by renal macrophages, skewed their polarization toward the M2 phenotype, and increased surface expression of IL-1R8, diminishing activation mediated by toll-like receptor 4. Ischemic IL-1R8-deficient donor renal macrophages acquired an M1 phenotype, effectively induced IFNγ and IL-17 responses, and failed to orchestrate tissue repair, resulting in severe graft fibrosis and aberrant humoral immune responses.
CONCLUSIONS: IL-1R8 is a key regulator of donor renal macrophage functions after ischemia-reperfusion injury, crucial to guiding the phenotype and antigen-presenting role of these cells. It may therefore represent an intriguing pathway to explore with respect to modulating responses against autoantigens and alloantigens after kidney transplant.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2020|
- Adaptive Immunity/genetics
- Antigen Presentation
- CD11c Antigen/immunology
- Cells, Cultured
- Cold Ischemia/methods
- Disease Models, Animal
- Gene Expression Regulation/genetics
- Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects
- Receptors, Interleukin-1/genetics
- Reperfusion Injury/genetics
- Sensitivity and Specificity
- Signal Transduction/genetics