Transplantation of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells: An emerging treatment modality for solid tumors

Taner Demirer, Lisbeth Barkholt, Didier Blaise, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Massimo Aglietta, Angelo Michele Carella, Jacques Olivier Bay, Fikret Arpaci, Giovanni Rosti, Gunhan Gurman, Dietger Niederwieser, Marco Bregni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allogeneic transplantation of hematopoietic cells from an HLA-compatible donor has been used to treat hematologic malignancies. Allogeneic transplantation not only replaces the marrow affected by the disease, but exerts an immune graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect mediated by donor lymphocytes. The development of nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens before allogeneic transplantation has allowed this therapy to be used in elderly and disabled patients. An allogeneic GVT effect is observed in a proportion of patients with renal, breast, colorectal, ovarian, and pancreatic cancer treated with allogeneic transplantation. In general, the tumor response is associated with the development of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease. Further improvements will depend on the identification of the antigen targets of GVT, and on reduction of the toxicity of the procedure. Targeted therapies may complement the immune effect of allogeneic transplantation. We present updated results from the literature and data recently placed on file at the European Bone Marrow Transplantation Solid Tumors Working Party.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-267
Number of pages12
JournalNature Clinical Practice Oncology
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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