Tranylcypromine, but not moclobemide, prolongs the inhibitory action of dopamine on midbrain dopaminergic neurons: An in vitro electrophysiological study

Nicola B. Mercuri, Mauro Federici, Silvia Marinelli, Giorgio Bernardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The degradation of dopamine by monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes plays an important role in the function of dopamine receptors in the central nervous system. Accordingly, it has already been reported that the blockade of MAO by specific inhibitors prolongs the effects of dopamine on its receptors. By using intracellular electrophysiological recordings, here we report that the irreversible MAO A and B inhibitor tranylcypromine, but not the reversible MAO A inhibitor moclobemide, potentiates DA responses in rat midbrain dopaminergic neurones maintained in vitro. Moclobemide was not effective even when the MAO B enzymes were additionally blocked by the MAOI deprenyl. Thus, our electrophysiological findings confirm that the degradation DA is very important to control the effects of this catecholamine at a cellular level. Furthermore, they demonstrate that tranylcypromine potentiates DA neurotransmission while moclobemide is devoid of dopaminergic action in an in vitro condition. The phenomena reported above support the hypothesis that part of the antidepressant and antiparkinsonian effects of tranylcypromine depend on an action on DA transmission. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-221
Number of pages6
JournalSynapse
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2000

Keywords

  • Firing activity
  • Membrane hyperpolarization
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Substantia nigra pars compacta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology

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