Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1)-associated cardiotoxicity: Pooled analysis in advanced HER2-positive breast cancer

Noam Pondé, Lieveke Amaye, Matteo Lambertini, Marianne Paesmans, Martine Piccart, Evandro de Azambuja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: T-DM1 has been approved for the treatment of HER2+ breast cancer. Cardiac dysfunction is a side effect of trastuzumab, a component of T-DM1. However, little is known about T-DM1-associated cardiotoxicity. Methods: We have conducted a pooled analysis of T-DM1 trials in advanced HER2+ breast cancer cases to understand the incidence, clinical presentation as well as to establish possible risk factors for T-DM1-associated cardiotoxicity. The primary endpoint was the incidence of cardiac events (CEs). CEs were categorized as follows: (1) congestive heart failure (CHF) or grade 3/4 LVEF drop; (2) cardiac ischemia, (3) cardiac arrhythmia, (4) grade 1/2 LVEF drop. Secondary endpoints included CE recovery rate and impact of CEs on treatment discontinuation. Logistic regression was used to assess possible risk factors for CEs. Results: Individual patient-level data from 1961 patients exposed to T-DM1 in seven trials were pooled. Of these, 1544 received T-DM1 and 417 T-DM1 + pertuzumab. CHF/LVEF drop grade 3/4 was reported in 0.71%, cardiac ischemia in 0.1%, cardiac arrhythmia in 0.71% and grade 1/2 LVEF drop in 2.04%. The total CE rate was 3.37% (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.6%–4.3%). Multivariate analysis showed patient's age ≥65 (OR 3.0; 95% CI, 1.77–5.14; P-value <0.001) and baseline LVEF<55% (OR 2.62; 95% CI, 1.29–5.32; P-value 0.008) as risk factors. CEs resolved in most (79%) patients after treatment discontinuation. Conclusion: The incidence of CEs in patients receiving T-DM1 was low. Older patients receiving T-DM1 should be carefully followed for cardiac safety during treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-73
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • T-DM1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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