Treating TB human neuroectodermal cell line with retinoic acid induces the appearance of neuron-like voltage-gated ionic currents

Silvia Santillo, Alessandro Martini, Arianna Polverino, Nicola B Mercuri, Ezia Guatteo, Giuseppe Sorrentino

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Abstract

TB is a cell line derived from the cerebrospinal fluid sample of a patient with primary leptomeningeal melanomatosis. Our previous immunological and ultrastructural analysis revealed that TB cells differentiate towards a neuronal phenotype when grown in vitro up to 7 days in presence of 10 µM all-trans retinoic acid (RA). Recently, we reported that TB cells are sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of β-amyloid peptides, activating the cytosolic phospholipase A2. To date, it is not known if RA, in addition to inducing morphological changes, also causes functional modification in TB cells, by regulating voltage-gated ionic currents. To this purpose, we performed electrophysiological characterization of undifferentiated (TB) and differentiated (RA-TB) cells by means of whole-cell patch clamp recordings. Upon depolarizing stimuli, both groups displayed voltage-gated K+ outward currents of similar amplitude. By contrast, the low amplitude voltage-gated Na+ currents recorded in undifferentiated TB cells were largely up-regulated by RA exposure. This current was strongly reduced by TTX and lidocaine and completely abolished by removal of extracellular sodium. Furthermore, treatment with RA caused the appearance of a late-onset inward current carried by Ca2+ ions in a subpopulation of TB cells. This current was not affected by removal of extracellular Na+ and was completely blocked by Cd2+, a broad-spectrum blocker of Ca2+ currents. Altogether, our results indicate that RA-differentiation of TB cells induces functional changes by augmenting the amplitude of voltage-gated sodium current and by inducing, in a subpopulation of treated cells, the appearance of a voltage-gated calcium current.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018

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