Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of treatment with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) in women affected by adenomyosis-associated menorrhagia. Setting: Tertiary care center. Design: Prospective, open, noncomparative study. Patient(s): Twenty-five women aged 38 to 45 years with recurrent menorrhagia associated with adenomyosis diagnosed at transvaginal ultrasonography participated in this study. Intervention(s): An IUD releasing levonorgestel 20 mcg/day was inserted in each patient within 7 days of the start of menstrual flow. All of the patients were requested to compile a pictorial blood loss assessment chart each month. They underwent clinical and transvaginal ultrasound examinations 3, 6, and 12 months after IUD insertion. Main Outcome Measure(s): Menstrual pattern; serum hemoglobin, ferritin, and iron level changes. Result(s): One patient experienced IUD expulsion 2 months after device insertion and another requested removal of the IUD 4 months after insertion because of persistent irregular blood loss. Six months after IUD insertion, amenorrhea was observed in 2 patients and oligomenorrhea in another, spotting occurred occasionally in 7, and 13 had scanty but regular flow. One year of follow-up has been completed by the remaining 23 women: 2 with amenorrhea, 3 with oligomenorrhea, 2 with spotting, and 16 with regular flows. Significant increases in hemoglobin, hematocrit, and serum ferritin have been observed, but the lipid metabolism and clotting variables have remained unchanged. Conclusion(s): Our findings indicate that marked and safe relief from adenomyosis-associated menorrhagia can be obtained with the use of a levonorgestrel-releasing IUD.
- Levonorgestral-releasing intrauterine device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology