Treatment of esophageal perforation in octogenarians: A multicenter study

Fausto Biancari, T. Gudbjartsson, A. Mennander, L. Hypén, P. Salminen, K. Kuttila, M. Viktorzon, C. Böckelman, E. Tarantino, O. Tiffet, V. Koivukangas, J. A. Søreide, A. Viste, L. Bonavina, H. H. Vidarsdottir, J. Saarnio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: Esophageal perforation is associated with significant mortality, and this may markedly increase with advanced age. This multicenter study investigates this issue in patients older than 80 years. Data on 33 patients>80 years old who underwent conservative (10 patients), endoclip (one patient), stent grafting (11 patients), or surgical treatment (11 patients) for esophageal perforation were collected from nine centers. Surgical repair consisted of repair on drain in one patient, primary repair in seven patients, and esophagectomy in two patients. Among patients who underwent stent grafting, one required repeat stenting and another stent graft repositioning. One patient was converted to surgical repair after stent grafting. Thirteen patients (39.4%) died during the 30-day and/or in-hospital stay. Their mortality was significantly higher than in a series of patients2 (70.0% vs. 25.0%, P = 0.043) and sepsis (100% vs. 32.1%, P = 0.049) at presentation were associated with increased risk of early mortality in univariate analysis. Esophageal perforation in octogenarians is associated with very high early and intermediate high mortality irrespective of the treatment method used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-718
Number of pages4
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Esophageal perforation
  • Esophageal rupture
  • Esophagectomy
  • Esophagus
  • Octogenarian
  • Stent-graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Medicine(all)

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