Effective cardiovascular prevention in the hypertensive setting needs the achievement of a tight blood pressure (BP) control with appropriate lifestyle measures and anti-hypertensive therapy. In fact, the ultimate goal of treatment strategies is the reduction of the excess of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity related to chronically elevated BP. In this chapter we will review the recommendations provided by the latest ESH/ESC guidelines focusing on the non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of hypertension. The first part will be focalized on the BP targets to be achieved by the treatment in the general hypertensive population and in specific clinical settings. In the second part, we will also depict the life-style changes with proven anti-hypertensive efficacy. In the third part we will describe the general principles of pharmacological therapy recommended in the general population and in special conditions. Finally we will make a brief comment on the new hypertension guidelines that will be published in 2017.
- Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
- Hypertension/drug therapy
- Life Style
- Practice Guidelines as Topic