Treatment of myoclonic seizures

Pasquale Striano, Vincenzo Belcastro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Myoclonic seizures are sudden, brief, shock-like contractions that can vary in distribution and intensity. They may be present in different epilepsy syndromes, including some idiopathic generalized epilepsy, epileptic encephalopathies and progressive myoclonus epilepsies. Despite the fact that there are many studies about the pathophysiology of myoclonic seizures and clear descriptions of the different myoclonic epilepsy syndromes, relatively little has been written on treatment. Valproate and some benzodiazepines are widely used to treat myoclonic seizures. In addition, more treatment options exist today as there is emerging evidence to support the efficacy of some newer antiepileptic drugs. On the other hand, some myoclonic epilepsies remain refractory to drug treatment and some antiepileptic drugs may exacerbate or even induce myoclonus. In the coming years, better understanding of mechanisms of myoclonic seizures and myoclonic epilepsies could result in great improvement of therapy and the quality of life of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1418
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • antiepileptic drugs
  • clinical trials
  • epilepsy
  • myoclonic seizures
  • myoclonus
  • review
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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