Treatment of simple bone cyst with bone marrow concentrate and equine-derived demineralized bone matrix injection versus methylprednisolone acetate injections: A retrospective comparative study

Raffaele Dario D'Amato, Antonio Memeo, Federico Fusini, Elena Panuccio, Giuseppe Peretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of intra-lesional autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC) and equine derived demineralized bone matrix (EDDBM) injections with methylprednisolone acetate injections in patients with simple bone cyst. METHODS: Clinical records and radiographs of 53 consecutive patients (37 females,and 16 males; mean age: 10.6±1.53 years) treated between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Healing was assessed by an independent radiologist according to Neer scoring system. Functional outcome was assessed with the Activity Scale for Kids (ASK). Thirty-four cysts were in the humerus, 13 in the femur and 6 in other locations. Twenty-nine patients were included in Steroid Group and treated with 3 cycles of injections of methylprednisolone acetate, while 24 patients were treated with injection of autologous bone marrow concentrate and equine derived demineralized bone matrix (BMC+ EDDBM Group). The two groups were homogenous for the mean age, sex distribution, cysts location and their clinical presentation. RESULTS: At a minimum follow-up of 24 months, success rate (Neer/Cole score 3 and 4) was higher in EDDBM+BMC group (83.3% vs 58.6%; p=0.047). Female patients had higher healing rates in both groups (p=0.002). No association was found between healing and age (p=0.839), cyst activity (p=0.599), cyst localization (p=0.099) and clinical presentation (p=0.207). BMC+EDDBM group showed higher ASK score (p=0.0007). CONCLUSION: Treatment with BMC+EDDBM injections may provide better results with a single procedure than 3 methylprednisolone acetate injections and represent an interesting alternative for the treatment of unicameral bone cysts. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalActa orthopaedica et traumatologica turcica
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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