Treatment strategies for long and calcified lesions

Joseph De Gregorio, Antonio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study discusses the treatment strategies used to approach long lesions, lesions in small vessels, and calcified lesions. Traditional treatment strategies for these lesion subtypes have yielded high acute complication rates and poor long-term outcome. A prospective analysis of 160 lesions was performed using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guided PTCA for the treatment of long lesions and lesions in small vessels, while a retrospective analysis of 106 calcified lesions was performed that were treated with the combination of rotablation and stenting. Acute and short- term results of IVUS guided PTCA with spot stenting show a 30-day major adverse cardiac event rate (MACE) of 5% with a high procedural success rate (96%), while the long-term outcome resulted in an angiographic restenosis rate of 17.4% and a target lesion revascularization rate of 13%. The combination of rotablation and stenting also rendered results in calcified lesions of a 93% angiographic success rate and a long-term outcome of restenosis of 22.5%. Optimal coronary stenting after rotational atherectomy in calcified lesions can be performed with a high success rate, an acceptable rate of procedural complications, and a low rate of stent thrombosis. This approach was associated with a low incidence of angiographic restenosis compared with results obtained with other interventional approaches. IVUS guided PTCA with spot stenting allows safe treatment of long lesions and lesions in small vessels. Short-term and long-term outcomes including 6- month MACE and angiographic restenosis appear to be better than results achieved in historical controls that utilize balloon angioplasty alone or stents in a manner where the lesion is covered from the proximal normal segment to the distal normal segment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-564
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiology
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    De Gregorio, J., & Colombo, A. (1998). Treatment strategies for long and calcified lesions. Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 11(6), 557-564.