Iron deficiency is a common cause of anemia in otherwise healthy individuals and plays an important role in the development of anemia within the heart failure patient population. Iron-deficient heart failure patients experience worse symptoms and are less exercise tolerant than those without iron deficiency. These symptoms may occur even before clinical anemia is evident. This article reviews studies of the benefits of the use of intravenous iron to treat iron deficiency in anemic and nonanemic heart failure patients and an overview of the physiology and pathophysiology of iron metabolism in chronic heart failure.
- Chronic heart failure
- Intravenous iron
- Iron deficiency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine