Trehalose administration in C57BL/6N old mice affects healthspan improving motor learning and brain anti-oxidant defences in a sex-dependent fashion: a pilot study

Alessandra Berry, Matteo Marconi, Chiara Musillo, Flavia Chiarotti, Veronica Bellisario, Paola Matarrese, Lucrezia Gambardella, Rosa Vona, Maria Lombardi, Chiara Foglieni, Francesca Cirulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim of this study was to characterize the effects of oral trehalose administration (2%w/v) on healthspan in old mice. Trehalose was administered in drinking water for 1 month to male and female C57BL/6N mice aged 25-months. After behavioral phenotyping (grip strength, beam walking and rotarod tests), autophagy (LC3-II/actin) and oxidative stress were tested in the cerebral cortex and gastrocnemius muscle. The latter parameter was indirectly assessed by evaluating carbonyl groups added to proteins as a result of oxidative reactions, in addition to central levels of NRF2 protein, a transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant enzymes. In comparison with sex-matched controls, trehalose-treated males performed better in motor planning and coordination tasks. This behavioral phenotype was associated with an activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, autophagy and antioxidant defences in cerebral cortex. Independently from trehalose administration, females were characterized by better motor performance and showed higher levels of ubiquitinated proteins and NRF2 in cerebral cortex, suggesting an up-regulation of basal antioxidant defences. In conclusion, trehalose was effective in counteracting some aspects of age-related decay, with specific effects in male and female subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110755
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Behaviour
  • Mouse model
  • Oxidative stress
  • Sex-differences
  • Trehalose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Trehalose administration in C57BL/6N old mice affects healthspan improving motor learning and brain anti-oxidant defences in a sex-dependent fashion: a pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this