Trend over time in hepatic fibrosis score in a cohort of type 2 diabetes patients

Carlo Bruno Giorda, Gabriele Forlani, Roberta Manti, Arianna Mazzotti, Salvatore De Cosmo, Maria Chiara Rossi, Antonio Nicolucci, Paolo Di Bartolo, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Barbara Tartaglino, Giuseppina Russo, on behalf of the AMD-Annals Study Group, on behalf of the AMD-Annals Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims The prevalence and progression of hepatic fibrosis and its correlated factors in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are poorly known. We aimed to define the percentage of T2DM patients who progress to fibrosis and the factors associated with disease progression. Methods Data from the electronic health records of 1527 patients with diagnosed T2DM and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), as diagnosed by the Fatty Liver Index, were extracted from the AMD Annals database, which collects data from the Italian network of diabetes clinics. For the main analysis, we evaluated variables associated with Fibrosis 4 [FIB-4] score at baseline and at 3-year follow-up to determine their role in predicting FIB-4 at 3 years and the risk of hepatic fibrosis in T2DM. Results High-risk of advanced fibrosis was detected in 13.1% of patients at baseline and in 18.1% at 3 years, LDL cholesterol, and body-mass index, correlated negatively with baseline FIB-4 scores, whereas gamma glutamil transerasi correlated positively. The FIB-4 score at 3 years was associated with lower values of baseline renal function, LDL, and BMI; however, the baseline FIB-4 score was the strongest predictor for the FIB-4 score at 3 years. Conclusions The prevalence of and progression to hepatic fibrosis within 3 years in patients with T2DM is not negligible. Patients with a higher likelihood of liver scarring differ from those with hepatic steatosis. Differently from NAFLD, the FIB-4 score is inversely correlated with insulin resistance and appears to increase independent of classic metabolic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Fibrosis 4 score
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Risk of cirrhosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Giorda, C. B., Forlani, G., Manti, R., Mazzotti, A., De Cosmo, S., Rossi, M. C., Nicolucci, A., Di Bartolo, P., Ceriello, A., Guida, P., Tartaglino, B., Russo, G., on behalf of the AMD-Annals Study Group, & on behalf of the AMD-Annals Study Group (2018). Trend over time in hepatic fibrosis score in a cohort of type 2 diabetes patients. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 135, 65-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2017.10.023