Trends for influenza-related deaths during pandemic and epidemic seasons, Italy, 1969-2001

Caterina Rizzo, Antonino Bella, Cécile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Mark A. Miller, Maria Cristina Rota, Stefania Salmaso, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Age-specific patterns of death from influenza vary, depending on whether the influenza season is epidemic or pandemic. We assessed age patterns and geographic trends in monthly influenza-related deaths in Italy from 1969 through 2001, focusing on differences between epidemic and pandemic seasons. We evaluated age-standardized excess deaths from pneumonia and influenza and from all causes, using a modified version of a cyclical Serfling model. Excess deaths were highest for elderly persons in all seasons except the influenza A (H3N2) pandemic season (1969-70), when rates were greater for younger persons, confirming a shift toward death of younger persons during pandemic seasons. When comparing northern, central, and southern Italy, we found a high level of synchrony in the amplitude of peaks of influenza-related deaths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-699
Number of pages6
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Trends for influenza-related deaths during pandemic and epidemic seasons, Italy, 1969-2001'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this