Trichinella papuae n.sp. (Nematoda), a new non-encapsulated species from domestic and sylvatic swine of Papua New Guinea

E. Pozio, I. L. Owen, G. La Rosa, L. Sacchi, P. Rossi, S. Corona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Encapsulated and non-encapsulated species of the genus Trichinella are widespread in sylvatic animals in almost all zoogeographical regions. In sylvatic animals from Tasmania (Australian region), only the non-encapsulated species Trichinella pseudospiralis has been reported. Between 1988 and 1998, non-encapsulated larvae of Trichinella were detected in five domestic pigs and six wild boars from a remote area of Papua New Guinea. Morphological, biological, and molecular studies carried out on one strain isolated from a wild boar in 1997 suggest that these parasites belong to a new species, which has been named Trichinella papuae n.sp. This species can be identified by the morphology of muscle larvae, which lack a nurse cell in host muscles, and whose total length is one-third greater than that of the other non-encapsulated species, T. pseudospiralis. Adults of T. papuae do not cross with adults of the other species and genotypes. Muscle larvae of T. papuae are unable to infect birds, whereas those of T. pseudospiralis do. The expansion segment V of the large subunit of the ribosomal DNA differs from that of the other species and genotypes. All of these features allow for the easy identification of T. papuae, even in poorly equipped laboratories. The discovery and identification of a second non-encapsulated species in the Australian region strongly supports the existence of two evolutionary lines in the genus Trichinella, which differ in terms of the capacity of larvae to induce a modification of the muscle cell into a nurse cell. Copyright (C) 1999 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1839
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Molecular systematics
  • Morphology
  • Nematode taxonomy
  • Non-encapsulated larvae
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Ribosomal DNA
  • Sus scrofa
  • Trichinella papuae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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