Trichophyton violaceum and T. soudanense: Re-emerging pathogens in Italy, 2005-2013

Claudio Farina, Paolo Fazii, Gianlorenzo Imberti, Gianluigi Lombardi, Marco Passera, Stefano Andreoni, E. Manso, M. Arosio, F. Vailati, G. Bruno, R. Mattei, S. Perin, F. Marini, E. Blasi, M. Conte, C. Savio, G. Zavarise, U. O. Pediatria, C. Cavanna, D. CarpiA. Saletti, S. Sanna

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Abstract

Dermatomycoses due to Trichophyton violaceum are described in Mediterranean Countries, North Africa and in the Horn of Africa where T. soudanense is present too, but it was rare until few years ago in Italy. Aim of the present study was to evaluate an Italian multicenter 9 year (2005-2013) experience concerning these re-emerging pathogens. Fifty three fungal strains were sent from clinical laboratories to the Medical Mycology Committee (CoSM) - Italian Association of Clinical Microbiology (AMCLI) for mycological confirmation. Strains were identified as T. violaceum (23) and T. soudanense (30) by phenotypic and genotypic methods. These dermatophytes present epidemiological (high rate of inter-human transmission, high risk among adopted children coming from countries of either the Horn of Africa or Sub-Saharan Africa also in outbreaks of tinea capitis) and clinical peculiarities (reduced alopecia, presence of exudative lesions) confirming the originality of these "imported" dermatophyte infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-415
Number of pages7
JournalNew Microbiologica
Volume38
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Childhood
  • Epidemiology
  • Tinea
  • Trichophyton violaceum/soudanense

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Farina, C., Fazii, P., Imberti, G., Lombardi, G., Passera, M., Andreoni, S., Manso, E., Arosio, M., Vailati, F., Bruno, G., Mattei, R., Perin, S., Marini, F., Blasi, E., Conte, M., Savio, C., Zavarise, G., Pediatria, U. O., Cavanna, C., ... Sanna, S. (2015). Trichophyton violaceum and T. soudanense: Re-emerging pathogens in Italy, 2005-2013. New Microbiologica, 38(3), 409-415.