Tricuspid atresia. Results of treatment in 115 children

J. L. de Brux, L. Zannini, J. P. Binet, J. Y. Neveux, J. Langlois, E. Hazan, C. Planche, F. Leca, M. Marchand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present our experience in the management of tricuspid atresia in 115 children. The anatomic data are categorized as follows: type I, 83.5% type II, 16.5%. Type IB is the most frequent, representing 63.5% of all the cases. Each patient was operated upon one to four times. The age at first operation ranged from 10 days to 20 years. The first operation was a shunt in 94 children, a Fontan operation in four, and banding of the pulmonary artery in 17. Hospital mortality for the first operation was 12.2%, significantly higher in children under 6 months and in those having Waterston shunts. Potts and Blalock-Taussig operations give low long-term mortality; although few (six) have been done, Potts shunts also seem to give good long-term palliation in this series. The Glenn anastomosis is a good operation when performed after a systemic-pulmonary arterial shunt. The Fontan operation was performed in 24 children (hospital mortality 16.6%). There have been no late deaths after the third month postoperatively. Mean follow-up for this operation is only 2 years, but 88% of the survivors lead a normal life, two thirds of them receiving no treatment. There has been one reoperation for stenosis of a Dacron conduit with a good result. Late arrhythmias are well tolerated. In conclusion, the Fontan procedure is a good operation, but palliative procedures still alow good long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-446
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery


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