Background: The aim of this study was to identify the kinematic variables contributing to successful performance in kayaking using a kayak simulator and three-dimensional kinematic analysis. In addition, the presence of side-to-side asymmetries in selected linear and angular variables was investigated. Methods: Five élite, four intermediate and six novice paddlers participated in this study. The subjects performed on a paddling simulator near their race pace. Three-dimensional coordinates of 17 anatomical landmarks were acquired at 100 Hz on an automatic motion analyser equipped with seven video cameras. Results: Élite paddlers showed a significantly higher (absolute and relative to arm length) paddling amplitude than the other two groups, with no significant difference in anthropometric dimensions. In addition, they demonstrated a significantly lower level of asymmetry in some joint angles with respect to novice and intermediate paddlers. In contrast, less-experienced paddlers (novice and intermediate) showed more accentuated saddle and pelvis movements in the frontal plane. Conclusion: Similar to previously findings in other symmetrical cyclic sporting activities (cross-country skiing, running), élite paddlers showed higher movement amplitude than intermediate and novice kayakers. Muscle strength and technical skills developed during training may explain the differences found.
- Kinematic analysis
- Motion analysis system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine