Aim: To assess the efficacy of triple therapy (peginterferon or high dose standard interferon, plus ribavirin and amantadine) in nonresponders to prior combination therapy. Methods: A total of 196 patients were enrolled in a multicenter, open, randomized study. Patients were given 180 μg/wk of peginterferon-alpha-2a (40 kD) plus ribavirin (800-1000 mg/d) and amantadine (200 mg/d) for 48 wk (group A) or interferon-alpha-2a (6 MU/d for 4 wk, 3 MU/d for 20 wk, and 3 MU tiw for 24 wk) plus ribavirin (800-1000 mg/d) and amantadine (200 mg/d) for 48 wk (group B). Results: Overall sustained virologic response (SVR) was 26.6% (32.1% and 19.5% in group A and B, P = 0.057). Baseline ALT >120 UI/L (OR 2.4; 95% CI:1.11 to 5.20; P = 0.026) and HCV RNA negativity after 12 wk (OR 8.7; 95% CI: 3.87 to 19.74; P <0.0001) were independently associated with SVR. Therapy discontinuation occurred less frequently in patients treated with peginterferon than standard interferon (P = 0.036). Conclusion: More than 25% of nonresponders to combination therapy can eradicate HCV infection when retreated with triple therapy, especially if they have a high baseline ALT and are treated with pegylated interferon.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||World Journal of Gastroenterology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 7 2006|
- Hepatitis C
ASJC Scopus subject areas