Triple-negative versus non-triple-negative breast cancers in high-risk women: Phenotype features and survival from the HIBCRIT-1 MRI-including screening study

Franca Podo, Filippo Santoro, Giovanni Di Leo, Siranoush Manoukian, Clelia de Giacomi, Stefano Corcione, Laura Cortesi, Luca A. Carbonaro, Rubina M. Trimboli, A. Cilotti, Lorenzo Preda, Bernardo Bonanni, M. Pensabene, Laura Martincich, Antonella Savarese, A. Contegiacomo, Francesco Sardanelli

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare phenotype features and survival of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) versus non-TNBCs detected during a multimodal annual screening of high-risk women. Experimental Design: Analysis of data from asymptomatic high-risk women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer during the HIBCRIT-1 study with median 9.7-year follow-up. Results: Of 501 enrolled women with BRCA1/2 mutation or strong family history (SFH), 44 were diagnosed with invasive breast cancers: 20 BRCA1 (45%), 9 BRCA2 (21%), 15 SFH (34%). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sensitivity (90%) outperformed that of mammography (43%, P <0.001) and ultrasonography (61%, P = 0.004). The 44 cases (41 screen-detected; 3 BRCA1-associated interval TNBCs) comprised 14 TNBCs (32%) and 30 non-TNBCs (68%), without significant differences for age at diagnosis, menopausal status, prophylactic oophorectomy, or previous breast cancer. Of 14 TNBC patients, 11 (79%) were BRCA1; of the 20 BRCA1 patients, 11 (55%) had TNBC; and of 15 SFH patients, 14 (93%) had non-TNBCs (P = 0.007). Invasive ductal carcinomas (IDC) were 86% for TNBCs versus 43% for non-TNBCs (P = 0.010), G3 IDCs 71% versus 23% (P = 0.006), size 16±5mmversus 12±6mm(P=0.007). TNBC patients had more frequent ipsilateral mastectomy (79% vs. 43% for non- TNBCs, P = 0.050), contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (43% vs. 10%, P=0.019), and adjuvant chemotherapy (100% vs. 44%, P <0.001). The 5-year overall survival was 86% ± 9% for TNBCs versus 93% ± 5% (P = 0.946) for non-TNBCs; 5-year disease-free survival was 77% ± 12% versus 76% ± 8% (P = 0.216). Conclusions: In high-risk women, by combining an MRIincluding annual screening with adequate treatment, the usual reported gap in outcome between TNBCs and non-TNBCs could be reduced..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-904
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Podo, F., Santoro, F., Di Leo, G., Manoukian, S., de Giacomi, C., Corcione, S., Cortesi, L., Carbonaro, L. A., Trimboli, R. M., Cilotti, A., Preda, L., Bonanni, B., Pensabene, M., Martincich, L., Savarese, A., Contegiacomo, A., & Sardanelli, F. (2016). Triple-negative versus non-triple-negative breast cancers in high-risk women: Phenotype features and survival from the HIBCRIT-1 MRI-including screening study. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(4), 895-904. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-0459