Triple synchronous invasive malignancies of the female genital tract in a patient with a history of leukemia: A case report and review of the literature

Benito Chiofalo, Jacopo Di Giuseppe, Lara Alessandrini, Tiziana Perin, Giorgio Giorda, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Francesco Sopracordevole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Three primary synchronous cancers in the female genital tract are extremely rare. In the literature, only four studies have described three different invasive gynecologic cancers of epithelial origin identified simultaneously in the same patient. Case presentation: This is the first case in the literature that reports on triple primary ovarian, endometrial and endocervical cancers in a 38-year-old woman with a history of previously treated malignant disease (acute lymphatic leukemia). With a preoperative diagnosis of endocervical adenocarcinoma stage Ib1 (according to International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics-FIGO), as well as an adnexal mass, she underwent radical hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed a mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix, an endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus, and a mucinous adenocarcinoma of the left ovary. Eighteen months after appropriate treatment, the patient is free of disease. Conclusion: The incidental diagnosis of more than one tumor is often a post-operative finding, usually with the detection of low-stage neoplasms. Multiple synchronous gynecologic cancers have a better prognosis than metastatic or advanced primitive disease. In a patient with multiple neoplasms, the prognosis is determined by the tumor with the worst prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-577
Number of pages5
JournalPathology Research and Practice
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Synchronous malignancies
  • Triple cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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