Truncated Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ Coactivator 1α Splice Variant Is Severely Altered in Huntington's Disease

Ashu Johri, Anatoly A. Starkov, Abhishek Chandra, Thomas Hennessey, Abhijeet Sharma, Sara Orobello, Ferdinando Squitieri, Lichuan Yang, M. Flint Beal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Reduced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC1α) gene expression has been observed in striatal cell lines, transgenic mouse models of Huntington's disease (HD), and brain tissue from HD patients. As this protein is a key transcription regulator of the expression of many mitochondrial proteins, these observations strongly support the role of aberrant mitochondrial function in the pathogenesis of HD. The PGC1α protein undergoes posttranslational modifications that affect its transcriptional activity. The N-truncated splice variant of PGC1α (NT-PGC1α) is produced in tissues, but the role of truncated splice variants of PGC1α in HD and in the regulation of mitochondrial gene expression has not been elucidated. Objective: To examine the expression and modulation of expression of NT-PGC1α levels in HD. Methods and Results: We found that the NT-PGC1α protein, a splice variant of ∼38 kDa, but not full-length PGC1α is severely and consistently altered in human HD brain, human HD myoblasts, mouse HD models, and HD striatal cells. NT-PGC1α levels were significantly upregulated in HD cells and mouse brown fat by physiologically relevant stimuli that are known to upregulate PGC1α gene expression. This resulted in an increase in mitochondrial gene expression and cytochrome c content. Conclusion: Our data suggest that NT-PGC1α is an important component of the PGC1α transcriptional network, which plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of HD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurodegenerative Diseases
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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