Trypsin activation. Effect of the Ile-Val dipeptide concentration on Kazal inhibitor binding to bovine trypsinogen

Paolo Ascenzi, Gino Amiconi, Martino Bolognesi, Enea Menegatti, Mario Guarneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effect of Ile-Val concentration (up to 2.0 M) on the thermodynamic parameters for the binding of the porcine pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (Kazal inhibitor) to trypsinogen has been investigated at pH 5.5 between 7°C and 42°C. Thermodynamic parameters for Kazal inhibitor binding to the Ile-Val:zymogen adduct are more favorable than those observed for inhibitor association to the free proenzyme, but less so than those reported for β-trypsin: Kazal inhibitor adduct formation (even under saturating dipeptide concentrations), suggesting that the effector dipeptide does not induce a complete rigidification of the proenzyme's activation domain. Considering the dependence of the association equilibrium constant for Kazal inhibitor binding to trypsinogen from Ile-Val concentration, thermodynamic parameters for the effector dipeptide binding to the free proenzyme and to its binary complex with Kazal inhibitor have been obtained. Differences in affinity for Ile-Val binding to the free zymogen and its binary complexes with inhibitors and substrates are indicative of the presence of different activation levels of the proenzyme, none of them exactly coincident with that of β-trypsin. Such different discrete states should correspond to those involved in the zymogen-to-active-enzyme transition which should not be considered as an all-or-nothing process, but as a multistep event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-382
Number of pages5
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 1985


  • (Bovine, Porcine pancreas)
  • Ile-Val effector dipeptide
  • Kazal inhibitor
  • Thermodynamics
  • Trypsin inhibitor binding thermodynamics
  • Trypsinogen activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology


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