TUBB3 E410K syndrome: Case report and review of the clinical spectrum of TUBB3 mutations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The tubulinopathies refer to a wide range of brain malformations caused by mutations in one of the seven genes encoding different tubulin's isotypes. The β-tubulin isotype III (TUBB3) gene has a primary function in nervous system development and axon generation and maintenance, due to its neuron-specific expression pattern. A recurrent heterozygous mutation, c.1228G > A; p.E410K, in TUBB3 gene is responsible of a rare disorder clinically characterized by congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscle type 3 (CFEOM3), intellectual disability and a wide range of neurological and endocrine abnormalities. Other mutations have been described spanning the entire gene and genotype–phenotype correlations have been proposed. We report on a 3-year-old boy in whom clinical exome sequencing allowed to identify a de novo TUBB3 E410K mutation as the molecular cause underlying a complex phenotype characterized by a severe bilateral palpebral ptosis refractory to eye surgery, psychomotor delay, absent speech, hypogonadism, celiac disease, and cyclic vomiting. Brain MRI revealed thinning of the corpus callosum with no evidence of malformation cortical dysplasia. We reviewed available records of patients with TUBB3 E410K mutation and compared their phenotype with the clinical outcome of patients with other mutations in TUBB3 gene. The present study confirms that TUBB3 E410K results in a clinically recognizable phenotype, unassociated to the distinct cortical dysplasia caused by other mutations in the same gene. Early molecular characterization of TUBB3 E410K syndrome is critical for targeted genetic counseling and prompt prospective care in term of neurological, ophthalmological, endocrine, and gastrointestinal follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1977-1984
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2020


  • congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscle type 3 (CFEOM3)
  • cortical development
  • microtubule dysfunction
  • TUBB3 E410K syndrome
  • tubulinopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


Dive into the research topics of 'TUBB3 E410K syndrome: Case report and review of the clinical spectrum of TUBB3 mutations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this