La tubercolosi nel paziente con malattia da HIV

Translated title of the contribution: Tuberculosis in patients with HIV infection

L. Ortona, A. Antinori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The close connection between tuberculosis and HIV infection was evident since the onset of the epidemic. The spread of HIV has contributed to the increased incidence of tuberculosis world-wide. With the progressively impaired cell-mediated immunity, HIV alters the pathogenesis of tuberculosis and markedly increases the risk of tuberculosis in simultaneously infected subjects. An altered pathogenesis of tuberculosis leads to a more frequent extrapulmonary involvement and atypical radiologic findings. Furthermore, HIV infection is one of the major factors of increased risk of M. tuberculosis multidrug resistance. Even if tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients to some extent can be treated and prevented, its spread in this population is increasing and at present tuberculosis represents the most common opportunistic HIV-related infection in several areas world-wide and globally, the first cause of death of HIV-infected patients.

Translated title of the contributionTuberculosis in patients with HIV infection
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)78-86
Number of pages9
JournalRays - International Journal of Radiological Sciences
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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