La tubercolosi nel paziente con malattia da HIV

Translated title of the contribution: Tuberculosis in patients with HIV infection

L. Ortona, A. Antinori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The close connection between tuberculosis and HIV infection was evident since the onset of the epidemic. The spread of HIV has contributed to the increased incidence of tuberculosis world-wide. With the progressively impaired cell-mediated immunity, HIV alters the pathogenesis of tuberculosis and markedly increases the risk of tuberculosis in simultaneously infected subjects. An altered pathogenesis of tuberculosis leads to a more frequent extrapulmonary involvement and atypical radiologic findings. Furthermore, HIV infection is one of the major factors of increased risk of M. tuberculosis multidrug resistance. Even if tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients to some extent can be treated and prevented, its spread in this population is increasing and at present tuberculosis represents the most common opportunistic HIV-related infection in several areas world-wide and globally, the first cause of death of HIV-infected patients.

Translated title of the contributionTuberculosis in patients with HIV infection
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)78-86
Number of pages9
JournalRays - International Journal of Radiological Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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