From the second half of the eighties, the cases of tuberculosis (TBC) in Italy have been constantly increasing. The increase in TBC cases in developed countries is related to different factors, including HIV epidemic and increased number of immigrants from countries with high TBC incidence and important socio-economic problems. Compared with adults few children with TBC were homeless or coinfected with HIV, nonetheless the children lived frequently in low socioeconomic status and consequently high risk of being uninsured and with adults at risk for tuberculosis (immediate relative, household members, or recently immigrated). An epidemiologic study was carried out, in order to evaluate the impact of TBC infection in immigrant children. From January 2001 to December 2002, Mantoux test (5 IU) was performed in immigrant children hospitalized or followed in two children hospitals. They included 228 children: mean age 4 years (range 1 month to 15 years). The patients came from: South America (44%) (especially from Ecuador), from Africa (20%), from Eastern Europe (19%), (especially from Middle East and North Africa), from Far East (17%). In 30 cases (13,2%) Mantoux test was positive. Among these latter, 21 presented latent infection, whereas another 9 had tuberculous disease with pulmonary localization and one of them associated with cervical adenopathy. In the study period, among all children (4426) admitted the two Units, the prevalence of tuberculous disease was 2,5% in immigrant children compared 0.2% in native children. Accurate epidemiologic monitoring, further clinical studies aimed at highlighting TBC peculiar aspects in children, and adequate therapy can lead to TBC control in the immigrant children.
|Translated title of the contribution||Tuberculosis infection and disease in immigrant children|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Infezioni in Medicina|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)