Tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 serum levels complement carcinoembryonic antigen levels in monitoring patients with gastrointestinal carcinoma: A longitudinal study

F. Guadagni, M. Roselli, T. Amato, M. Cosimelli, E. Mannella, P. Perri, M. R. Abbolito, R. Cavaliere, D. Colcher, J. W. Greiner, J. Schlom

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Abstract

Eighty-two patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal (GI) adenocarcinoma were evaluated before and for 26 months after primary tumor resection for the presence of two serum tumor markers: tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG- 72) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Elevated TAG-72 and CEA serum levels were found preoperatively in 32 (39%) and 34 (41.5%) of the 82 patients, respectively. The percentage of patients with elevated serum levels of either TAG-72 or CEA was 56.1% (46 of 82). Twelve (15%) patients who had normal CEA serum levels had elevated TAG-72 serum levels, and conversely, serum from 14 (17%) patients who were TAG-72 negative were CEA positive. Forty-five of the 82 patients were diagnosed with advanced disease (i.e., Stages C and D for colorectal, Stages III and IV for stomach), and 29 (64.4%) and 26 (57.8%) of those patients had elevated serum levels of TAG-72 or CEA, respectively. Elevated levels of either TAG-72 or CEA, however, were found in sera of 82.2% of patients with advanced GI cancer, which is an increase of 24.4% over the use of CEA antigen alone as a marker of disease. The measurement of both TAG- 72 and CEA may improve the diagnosis of patients with GI malignant disease due to the apparent complementary association which exists between these tumor markers. Serum TAG-72 and CEA levels were monitored in 31 patients for varying lengths of time after resection of the carcinoma; 11 patients developed recurrent disease. Sera from nine of 11 (81.8%) of these patients had elevated TAG-72 levels and six of 11 (54.5%) had elevated CEA levels. Tumor marker elevations were observed either before (35 to 166 days) or at the time of diagnosis of recurrence. The elevation of one or both markers correlated with the clinical status in ten of 11 (90.9%) patients with recurrence. In addition, 20 patients who were clinically free of disease after more than 700 days' follow-up had normal serum levels of both TAG-72 and CEA. These findings suggest that the combined use of serum TAG-72 and CEA measurements may improve detection of recurrence in patients with GI cancer and may be useful in the postsurgical management of GI adenocarcinoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2443-2450
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume68
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Guadagni, F., Roselli, M., Amato, T., Cosimelli, M., Mannella, E., Perri, P., Abbolito, M. R., Cavaliere, R., Colcher, D., Greiner, J. W., & Schlom, J. (1991). Tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 serum levels complement carcinoembryonic antigen levels in monitoring patients with gastrointestinal carcinoma: A longitudinal study. Cancer, 68(11), 2443-2450.