We provide evidence that tumor cells can induce apoptosis of NK cells by engaging the natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCR) NKp30, NKp44, and NKp46. Indeed, the binding between NCR on NK cells and their putative ligands on tumor target cells led to NK cell apoptosis, and this event was abolished by blocking NCR/NCR-ligand interaction by anti-NCR-specific mAbs. The engagement of NCR induced up-regulation of Fas ligand (FasL) mRNA, FasL protein synthesis, and release. In turn, FasL interacting with Fas at NK cell surface causes NK cell suicide, as apoptosis of NK cells was inhibited by blocking FasL/Fas interaction with specific mAbs. Interestingly, NK cell apoptosis, but not killing of tumor target cells, is inhibited by cyclosporin A, suggesting that apoptosis and cytolysis are regulated by different biochemical pathways. These findings indicate that NCR are not only triggering molecules essential for antitumor activity, but also surface receptors involved in NK cell suicide.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2005|
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